HOME | FAQ's | Global | CEE/CIS Region | by Country | Consequences
Programme | Advocacy | Communication | Legislation | Production | Utilization
Monitoring | Partnerships | Best Practices | Presentations | Links | Index | Russian

Radioactivity and iodine
  « previous next »


Pregnancy and Iodine

Intelligence and Iodine

Thyroid and Iodine

Cost to a Country

Radioactivity and Iodine











"Effects of Time of Administration and Dietary Iodine Levels on Potassium Iodide (Ki) Blockade of Thyroid Irradiation by 131-I From Radioactive Fallout"
Pat B. Zanzonico and David V. Becker; Health Physics Journal, Volume 78 No. 6, June 2000

From the abstract at Health Physics Journal:


"The 131-I thyroid absorbed dose is two-fold greater with insufficient levels of dietary iodine, 2,900 cGy/37 MBq, than with sufficient levels of dietary iodine, 1,500 cGy/37 MBq. When KI is administered 48 h or less before 131-I intake, the thyroid absorbed doses (in cGy/37 MBq) are comparably low with both sufficient and insufficient dietary iodine levels. When KI is administered after 131-I intake, however, the protective effect of KI is less and decreases more rapidly with insufficient than with sufficient dietary iodine. For example, KI administration 2 and 8 h after 131-I intake yields protective effects of 80 and 40%, respectively, with iodine-sufficient diets, but only 65 and 15% with iodine-deficient diets."


Thyroid cancer incidence trends in Belarus: examining the impact of Chernobyl
Martin C Mahoney, Silvana Lawvere, Karen L Falkner, Yuri I Averkin, Vladislav A Ostapenko,
Arthur M Michalek, Kirsten B Moysich and Philip L McCarthy
International Journal of Epidemiology 2004; 33:1025–1033

Risk of Thyroid Cancer After Exposure to 131-Iodine in Childhood
Elisabeth Cardis , Ausrele Kesminiene , Victor Ivanov, et.al.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Vol. 97, No. 10, May 18, 2005

Iodine deficiency in populations exposed to radioactiv iodine

Guidelines for Iodine Prophylaxis following Nuclear Accidents
WHO, 1999

Chernobyl and Iodine Deficiency in the Russian Federation: An Environmental Disaster Leading to a Public Health Opportunity
Journal of Public health, (453 – 470) vol. 23, no.24. 2001

Iodine Nutrition and the Risk from Radioactive Iodine: A Workshop Report in the Chernobyl Long-Term Follow-Up Study
Jacob Robbins, John T. Dunn, Andre Bouville, Victor I. Kravchenko, Jay Lubin, Sergey Petrenko, Kevin M. Sullivan, Lester VanMiddlesworth, and Jan Wolff
THYROID Volume 11, Number 5, 2001

Chernobyl Anniversary

UNICEF response to the Chernobyl disaster

UNICEF says iodine could have spared many children from thyroid cancer

Protecting Children from the Impact of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Statement by Mr. Kul C. Gautam, Deputy Executive Director, UNICEF

UNICEF Deputy Executive Director Kul Gautam explains why UNICEF is calling for salt iodization to protect children from Chernobyl’s effects in Belarus, Ukraine and the Russian Federation.

General Story, Chernobyl

From 2-7 March 2006, UNICEF held a photo workshop for children aged 12-17 from the three countries hardest hit by the disaster: Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine.

28 April 2006: UNICEF Executive Director Ann M. Veneman addresses a UN General Assembly special meeting observing the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster.



Sights and Sounds of Long Shadow of Chernobyl
National Geographic

Return to top